What is TPACK?

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Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) is a framework that identifies the knowledge teachers need to teach effectively with technology.The TPACK framework extends Shulman’s idea of Pedagogical Content Knowledge.

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TPACK Image (rights free). Click to learn more about how to use this image in your own works.

At the heart of the TPACK framework, is the complex interplay of three primary forms of knowledge: Content (CK), Pedagogy (PK), and Technology (TK). The TPACK approach goes beyond seeing these three knowledge bases in isolation. TPACK also emphasizes the new kinds of knowledge that lie at the intersections between them, representing four more knowledge bases teachers applicable to teaching with technology: Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK), Technological Content Knowledge (TCK), Technological Pedagogical Knowledge (TPK), and the intersection of all three circles, Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK).

Effective technology integration for pedagogy around specific subject matter requires developing sensitivity to the dynamic, transactional relationship between these components of knowledge situated in unique contexts. Individual teachers, grade-level, school-specific factors, demographics, culture, and other factors ensure that every situation is unique, and no single combination of content, technology, and pedagogy will apply for every teacher, every course, or every view of teaching.

More detail

A more detailed explanation of TPACK is also available.

About Matthew Koehler

Dr. Matthew J. Koehler is editor of tpack.org, and authored over 20 publications related to TPACK, including: Mishra & Koehler (2006). Technological pedagogical content knowledge: A framework for teacher knowledge. Teachers College Record, 108(6), 1017-1054.


  1. Thank you for allowing me to become a member. My area of research for the past 20 years is reconstructive teaching to rehabilitate children with Learning Disabilities.

    Please visit http://www.samveda.org

    Can we link your website through our website? Please let us know. We are planning to offer short term teacher training courses from Samveda Teacher Training Institute by the end of this year. We wish to advice our students to refer your books. Which we should buy first to understand ICT and pedagogy integration well?


  2. shemaemedina

    Thank you for accepting me here. I’m currently working with my thesis. I would like to assess the level of readiness of grade five teachers in technology integration using tpack. Please allow me to use your questionnaire…thanks

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